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Are you a proud pool owner looking to revitalize the appearance and functionality of your swimming pool? Pool resurfacing might be just what you need! In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the essential aspects of pool resurfacing, including the types of pools, signs that indicate it’s time for resurfacing, the resurfacing process, and the associated costs. By the end of this article, you’ll be well-equipped to make informed decisions about your pool’s maintenance and restoration.

Types of Pools:

When it comes to pool resurfacing, the type of pool you own plays a crucial role in determining the maintenance and repair needs. Let’s take a closer look at the different types of in-ground pools and how they may require maintenance to keep them in top-notch condition.

Vinyl Liner Pools:

Vinyl liner pools are often considered the low-maintenance champions of the pool world. These pools are constructed with a vinyl liner as the interior surface. The advantage of vinyl liners is that they typically don’t require resurfacing in the traditional sense, where you need to apply new materials to the pool’s surface. However, they do have their own unique maintenance requirement.

Vinyl liners have a lifespan of about five to nine years, and they can start showing signs of wear and tear over time. Factors like exposure to the sun, pool chemicals, and the natural aging process can lead to the need for a liner replacement. While this isn’t technically resurfacing the pool shell, it’s a critical aspect of maintaining a vinyl liner pool’s appearance and functionality.

Fiberglass Pools:

Fiberglass pools are known for their durability and smooth, gel-coated surface. While they are relatively low-maintenance compared to concrete pools, there may come a time when you need to address surface imperfections. In these cases, resurfacing can be achieved by applying replacement coatings. Two common options are thermoplastic polymers and epoxies.

Thermoplastic polymers and epoxies can bring new life to the pool’s surface. These coatings are designed to adhere to the existing fiberglass shell, providing a fresh, smooth, and attractive finish. This process not only enhances the pool’s appearance but also extends its overall durability, ensuring it continues to serve you well for years to come.

Concrete Pools:

Concrete pools are prized for their versatility and the ability to customize their shape and size. However, over time, the plaster used to coat the concrete shell may wear down due to exposure to pool chemicals and the elements. When the plaster deteriorates, it’s time for resurfacing to maintain the pool’s integrity and aesthetics.

Concrete pool resurfacing involves the application of a new plaster or finish to the pool’s interior surface. This process not only addresses any imperfections in the existing surface but also provides an opportunity to update the pool’s appearance. Homeowners can choose from a variety of finishes, including classic white plaster, aggregate finishes, or even luxurious tile. The resurfacing not only enhances the pool’s visual appeal but also extends its longevity, ensuring you can continue to enjoy your concrete pool for years to come.

Signs that Pool Resurfacing is Needed:

Is it time to consider pool resurfacing? Here are some telltale signs that your pool may need a makeover. Taking care of these issues promptly can ensure your pool remains a safe and enjoyable oasis for years to come.

1. Stubborn Stains that Persist:

Stubborn and growing stains that resist standard cleaning methods can be a sign of underlying issues. These stains may indicate chemical imbalances, water quality issues, or even structural problems that need attention.

Persistent stains not only mar the beauty of your pool but may also point to potential health hazards. Organic and mineral stains can be challenging to remove, and their presence may signify a chemical imbalance in your pool water. Resurfacing can help eliminate these unsightly blemishes and restore your pool’s visual appeal.

2. Rough Texture:

If your pool’s surface feels rough or uneven, it’s a strong indicator that resurfacing is required to restore its smoothness. Swimmers should be able to enjoy a smooth, comfortable experience, so a rough texture is not only unattractive but can also be uncomfortable and potentially dangerous.

A rough pool surface is not just an aesthetic concern. It can pose safety risks, such as scrapes and injuries to swimmers. Additionally, it can make cleaning and maintenance more challenging, as debris tends to stick to uneven surfaces. Resurfacing will not only enhance the visual appeal but also ensure a safer and more comfortable swimming experience.

3. Ongoing Leak Problems:

Ongoing issues with leaks, even after repairs, could signal the need for resurfacing to address structural weaknesses. A damaged surface can lead to water loss, which not only affects the pool’s functionality but also adds to your water bills.

Frequent and persistent leaks can be a clear indication of structural issues within the pool’s shell. These leaks can result from cracks, fissures, or deterioration of the pool’s surface. Not only do leaks waste water and increase water bills, but they can also lead to soil erosion around the pool area and even damage to nearby structures. Resurfacing can address these structural problems and prevent further water loss, saving you money and preserving your pool’s integrity.

The Pool Resurfacing Process:

If you’re a pool owner looking to give your pool a fresh and rejuvenated look, understanding the pool resurfacing process is crucial. Pool resurfacing is more than just a cosmetic enhancement; it’s a necessary step to maintain the structural integrity and safety of your pool. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of each step of the pool resurfacing process, from draining the pool to achieving that pristine finish, to help you make informed decisions and get the most out of your pool renovation.

Step 1: Draining the Pool

The resurfacing process kicks off with the crucial step of draining the pool entirely. This may seem obvious, but it’s a step of paramount importance. Removing all the water ensures that the new resurfacing material bonds seamlessly with the pool’s structure. This bonding is the foundation for the durability and longevity of your newly resurfaced pool.

During this stage, any residual water must be eliminated to prevent complications down the line. If even a small amount of water remains, it can compromise the adherence of the new surface material, potentially leading to peeling or cracking in the future.

Step 2: Surface Preparation

After the pool is completely drained, it’s time for surface preparation. The level of preparation needed depends on the condition of the existing pool surface. There are several methods employed in this phase:

  1. Chipping out the Existing Plaster: If the existing surface is damaged or deteriorating, it may need to be chipped away to create a stable base for the new material. This is a labor-intensive process but ensures the best possible adhesion of the new surface.
  2. Sandblasting and Bond Coating: In cases where the existing surface is still in relatively good condition, sandblasting may be sufficient. Sandblasting roughens the surface to improve adhesion, and a bond coat is applied to ensure the new material adheres correctly.
  3. Hydro Blasting: Hydro blasting involves using high-pressure water to remove the existing surface. It’s a more eco-friendly alternative to sandblasting, as it produces less dust and debris. Like sandblasting, hydroblasting also prepares the surface for the new material.

Proper surface preparation sets the stage for a successful resurfacing job. It not only ensures a strong bond between the old and new surfaces but also guarantees a smooth and attractive finish that’s free from defects and imperfections.

Step 3: Applying the New Surface

With the surface prepared, it’s time to apply the new surface material. You have a range of options here, including plaster, pebble, quartz, or other finishes, each with its unique characteristics and aesthetics.

  • Plaster: A classic choice, plaster provides a smooth and clean appearance. It comes in various colors to suit your pool design and is relatively affordable. However, it may not be as durable as some other options.
  • Pebble Finish: Pebble finishes are known for their durability and textured appearance. They offer a natural, organic look and come in various colors and sizes of pebbles to customize your pool’s appearance.
  • Quartz Finish: Quartz finishes incorporate quartz crystals into the material, adding sparkle and depth to your pool’s surface. They are exceptionally durable and come in a wide range of colors and textures.

The choice of material is a crucial decision in the resurfacing process. It not only affects your pool’s aesthetics but also influences its long-term durability and maintenance requirements. Make sure to consult with your pool resurfacing professional to select the material that best suits your preferences and needs.

Step 4: Initial Water Treatment

After the resurfacing is complete, your pool will require an initial water treatment. This step is essential for maintaining water quality and protecting the new surface. Properly balanced chemicals ensure that the water is safe and inviting for swimmers while preventing any damage to the new pool finish.

Chemical balance is key to preventing issues like scaling, staining, and corrosion. It also helps maintain the longevity of the resurfaced pool and prevents costly repairs down the road. Your pool professional will perform tests and make the necessary adjustments to ensure that the water chemistry is just right.

Cost of Pool Resurfacing:

The cost of pool resurfacing can vary widely, depending on factors such as the pool’s size, type, chosen finish, and location. On average, polished and rough aggregate pool resurfacing, including materials and labor, can amount to around $6,500. It’s essential to obtain multiple quotes from reputable contractors to get an accurate estimate for your specific project. Don’t forget to factor in long-term savings on maintenance costs and water bills when considering the investment.

Professional Resurfacing vs. DIY

While DIY pool plaster products are available, it’s important to note that most of these are designed for minor repairs, not complete resurfacing. Pool resurfacing is a complex process that requires skill and expertise. For the best results, it’s highly recommended to hire a professional pool resurfacing service. They have the knowledge, tools, and experience to ensure the job is done correctly, extending the life and beauty of your pool.


Pool resurfacing is a vital part of pool maintenance to keep your swimming pool looking and functioning at its best. Recognizing the signs that it’s time for resurfacing, understanding the process, and considering the associated costs are crucial steps toward maintaining your pool’s longevity and aesthetics. And remember, when it comes to resurfacing, investing in a professional service is a smart choice to enjoy a stunning and well-maintained pool for years to come. A well-maintained pool not only enhances the value of your property but also provides a safe and enjoyable space for you and your family.

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